Quick Answer: Why Do Plant Cells Need Both Chloroplasts And Mitochondria?

What do both mitochondria and chloroplasts produce?


Both mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own genomes and their own protein synthesis machinery.

Both mitochondria and chloroplasts are sites of production of ATP, the energy currency of the cell..

Do plant cells have a mitochondria?

Both animal and plant cells have mitochondria, but only plant cells have chloroplasts. Plants don’t get their sugar from eating food, so they need to make sugar from sunlight. This process (photosynthesis) takes place in the chloroplast.

What are the two raw materials for mitochondria?

Most of the steps of cellular respiration take place in the mitochondria. Oxygen and glucose are both reactants in the process of cellular respiration. The main product of cellular respiration is ATP; waste products include carbon dioxide and water.

Are chloroplasts found in all plant cells?

Chloroplasts are present in the cells of all green tissues of plants and algae. Chloroplasts are also found in photosynthetic tissues that do not appear green, such as the brown blades of giant kelp or the red leaves of certain plants.

How do chloroplasts and mitochondria work together in a plant cell?

How do the chloroplast and mitochondria work together to keep plant cells alive? Chloroplasts convert sunlight into food during photosynthesis, then mitochondria makes energy out of the food in the form of ATP. where critical chemical reactions occur in the cell that allow for the release of energy from food.

Why do plant cells also have mitochondria?

Explanation: Plant cells require mitochondria to produce energy for the cell, usually through photosynthesis during the day. When the sun sets and the energy from sunlight is lost, the plant continues on through the night producing energy through cellular respiration.

Do plant cells have both mitochondria and chloroplasts?

Plants have both mitochondria and chloroplasts; they can produce their own glucose to fuel cellular respiration.

Where is the mitochondria found in a plant cell?

There are usually multiple mitochondria found in one cell, depending upon the function of that type of cell. Mitochondria are located in the cytoplasm of cells along with other organelles of the cell.

What are 5 differences between plant and animal cells?

Cells are the basic unit of a living organism and where all life processes are carried out. Animal cells and plant cells share the common components of a nucleus, cytoplasm, mitochondria and a cell membrane. Plant cells have three extra components, a vacuole, chloroplast and a cell wall.

Why does the mitochondria have two membranes?

They are the reason that we need oxygen at all. The double-membraned mitochondrion can be loosely described as a large wrinkled bag packed inside of a smaller, unwrinkled bag. The two membranes create distinct compartments within the organelle, and are themselves very different in structure and in function.

Why do plants cells need chloroplasts?

Chloroplasts are organelles found in plant cells and eukaryotic algae that conduct photosynthesis. Chloroplasts absorb sunlight and use it in conjunction with water and carbon dioxide gas to produce food for the plant. … In this respect they are similar to mitochondria, but are found only in plants and protista.

What are 3 main differences between plant and animal cells?

Major structural differences between a plant and an animal cell include: Plant cells have a cell wall, but animals cells do not. Cell walls provide support and give shape to plants. Plant cells have chloroplasts, but animal cells do not.

Do plant cells have more mitochondria than animal cells?

Plant cells have chloroplasts and mitochondria; animal cells have chloroplasts but do not have mitochondria.

Which plant cells do not have chloroplasts?

The inner stem cells and underground organs, such as the root system or bulb, contain no chloroplasts. Because no sunlight reaches these areas, chloroplasts would be useless. Fruit and flower cells typically do not contain chloroplasts because their primary jobs are reproduction and dispersal.