Quick Answer: What Is CMT In Physical Therapy?

Is CMT considered a disability?

Medically Qualifying Under A Disability Listing: CMT is a form of peripheral neuropathy, meaning it affects the nerves and muscles in the arms, legs, hands, and feet.

The Social Security Administration (SSA) has a standard disability listing for this type of neurological disorder..

Does CMT cause back pain?

And, because joints often have more stress put on them because of weak muscles (weak ankles etc), then knees and hips have to do more work in people with CMT. Therefore, in my experience, arthritic pain and joint as well as back surgery are more frequent in patients with CMT.

Does CMT affect memory?

The most common cause of CMT is the duplication of a region on the short arm of chromosome 17, which includes the gene PMP22. We report a thirty-seven-year-old man with CMT disease having sleep, memory and attention disorders characterized by brief retrograde amnesia at early age.

How do they test for CMT?

Nerve conduction test Small metal discs called electrodes are placed on your skin, which release a small electric shock that stimulates the nerves. The speed and strength of the nerve signal is measured. An unusually slow or weak signal could indicate CMT.

What is a CMT blood test?

Genetic tests help doctors to detect genetic defects that are known to cause CMT. These tests are conducted by drawing a sample of blood and testing the genetic material from the blood cells for many common chromosomal defects known to cause CMT.

Is Charcot Marie Tooth autoimmune?

Herein we report that mutations in this gene lead to an extended and more complex syndrome than previously recognized. The phenotypic features encompasses neurological alterations similar to those observed in the axonal type 2 form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT2) and include autoimmune manifestations.

What does CMT stand for in medical terms?

Charcot-Marie-Tooth diseaseCharcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is a group of inherited conditions that damage the peripheral nerves. It’s also known as hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN) or peroneal muscular atrophy (PMA). The peripheral nerves are found outside the main central nervous system (brain and spinal cord).

Is CMT a type of muscular dystrophy?

No, CMT is not a type of muscular dystrophy. CMT is primarily a disease of the peripheral nerves, whereas muscular dystrophy is a group of diseases of the muscle itself. CMT causes weakness and impaired sensory perception because signals can’t get to and from the brain to muscle and skin, among other things.

Can CMT affect your heart?

You’ll read that many different genetic causes of CMT have been found, and cases vary greatly. But CMT is almost never life-threatening, and it seldom affects the heart and breathing functions.

Can CMT make you tired?

Fatigue is a common symptom in CMT. A study, published in the Journal of Neurology in 2010 and based on questionnaire given patients and an age- and sex-matched control group, reported that fatigue levels were significantly higher in people with CMT. Fatigue in CMT can be due to a number of reasons.

Can CMT affect your eyes?

CMT Type 6 involves development of optic atrophy with loss of vision or blindness, muscle atrophy and weakness, loss of sensation, and balance and gait difficulties. Depending on the genetic cause of the CMT Type 6, there may be other symptoms including delayed learning.

How do you test for CMT?

These tests, done by drawing a blood sample or capturing a saliva sample, are designed to detect the most common genetic defects known to cause CMT. Many, but certainly not all, of the genetic mutations underlying CMT can be detected with a DNA blood test.

Does CMT cause pain?

Paradoxically, despite sensory loss, some people with CMT experience pain — a combination of painful muscle cramps and neuropathic pain. This pain is not caused by an external trigger but by defective signals in sensory axons. Both types of pain usually can be alleviated with medication.

How quickly does CMT progress?

Depending on the type of CMT, onset can be from birth to adulthood, and progression is typically slow. CMT usually isn’t life-threatening, and it rarely affects the brain.

How bad can CMT get?

Complications of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease vary in severity from person to person. Foot abnormalities and difficulty walking are usually the most serious problems. Muscles may get weaker, and you may injure areas of the body that experience decreased sensation.

Does CMT cause joint pain?

There are 2 types of pain associated with CMT: joint and muscle pain – caused by the stresses that CMT places on your body. neuropathic pain – caused by damage to your nerves (this is less common)

Is CMT a chronic condition?

CMT is a progressive condition, which means the symptoms gradually get worse over time.